Community Resources

Farmworkers

Health Issues

Since 1983, Migrant Health Promotion has worked to provide health care for migrant farmworkers all over the United State. Explore their website for extensive information on farm working conditions, education, pay and health conditions for migrants.

The Migrant Clinicians Network is mostly made of up physicians who provide direct health care to migrants, or those who "live on the move". MCN focuses on the issues that migrants face in "dirty, dangerous and demanding" jobs like farming, factory and construction work.

Located in Texas, The National Center for Farmworker Health, Inc. promotes health care for migrant farmworkers. Their website offers fact sheets and historical information on farmworkers in the U.S., and gives a breakdown of farmworker population demographics.

The 2011 National Advisory Council on Migrant Health meeting minutes give an insight into current health issues migrant farmworkers face. Read the discussion to understand the various viewpoints of the Council, federal staff members, visitors and presenters.

Health Outreach Partners published a 2010 report called "Breaking Down the Barriers: A National Needs Assessment on Farmworker Health Outreach". This is a good resource for data on funding proposals and planning documents for farmworker outreach programs in the U.S.

Michael Leavitt, former Secretary of Health and Human Services, wrote a report to Congress on his "Study Regarding Barriers to Participation of Farmworkers in Health Programs". Not only does the report identify challenges for migrant farmworkers, but it also offers possible solutions.

In connection with the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, The National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) committee gives annual Worker Health and Safety Awards. Visit their website to view the 2011 symposium winners.

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention specifically addresses Young Worker Safety and Health. Their website includes reports on the working teen population, occupational injuries, farm worker education and more.

Giulia Earle-Richardson, Melissa Brower, Amanda Jones, John May and Paul Jenkins with the National Institute of Health, conducted a study on "Occupational Morbidity for Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers in New York State".

The brief Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers: Health Insurance Coverage and Access to Care by the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, April 2005, provides an overview of migrant seasonal farmworkers and the health challenges they face considering options for improving their health coverage and access to care.

The article Uninsured Working Immigrants: A View from a California County in the Journal of Immigrant Health, Vol. 7, No. 1, January 2005, informs a county's efforts to provide health insurance to uninsured working immigrants - a group left out of national and state strategies that aim to expand coverage.

Evaluate the impact heat has on farmers in the United States in this report Centers for Disease Control detailing "Heat Related Deaths Among Crop Workers in the United States from 1992 -2006". The case report includes editorial notes and tables that chart research data.

This Centers for Disease Control report discusses the "Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis in Migrant Farmworkers". Information and recommendations about the disease is listed generally and specifically in the case of migrant farmworkers around the United States.

In recognizing the health and safety hazards of farm work, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention annually tracks the number of farmworkers who die from work-related injuries, the cause of injury and makes suggestions for reversing the issue.

In 2009, the National Center for Farmworker Health released a fact sheet on Farmworker Maternal and Child Health. The source includes statistical information on farmworker struggles in maternal, prenatal and child health care.

The Center for Research for Occupational and Environmental Toxicology at Oregon Health & Science University began a study on the risk of pesticide exposure to migrant farmworkers in 1996. You may view OHSU's website for a look at the project's research findings.

Education

The U.S. Department of Education site offers information on The High School Equivalency Program available for migrant or seasonal farmworkers or their children. The HEP qualifies participants for employment, postsecondary education or training.

Find additional information on the high school and college level programs available to migrant students at HEPCAMP.com. The High School Equivalency Program (HEP) and the College Assistance Migrant Program (CAMP) strive to get and keep migrant students in school.

Established in 1978, The Farmworker Institute of Education and Leadership Development provides a range of educational, industrial, community and employment services for "immigrants, farmworkers and low-skilled migrants in rural communities". 

Paul Green's "The Undocumented: Educating the Children of Migrant Workers in America" discusses the social, cultural, practical and political challenges that make it difficult for migrant children to get an education. 

In the Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, Scott Williamson and Bong Seok Jang published the 2009 report "Are Federal Dollars Bearing Fruit? : An Analysis of the College Assistance Migrant Program". Their findings reflect the effectiveness of educational migrant programs in the U.S.

Educationalworld.com calls attention to the educational needs of migrant, farmworker children. They work to "examine the special needs of migrant schoolchildren" and give suggestions on how to address those needs. Their site provides a list of similar resources.

Justice

For an overview of the United States Department of Labor legal protections for migrant farmworkers, refer to The Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (MSPA).

The Farmworker Justice site is a documents farmworker rights, developments and setbacks. Search for current information on farmworkers around the country, and read through reports, newsletters and other resources for in depth information on farmworkers in the U.S.  

Read through the documentation of the agreement that came out of the 1990 "International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and members of Their Families" on the Office of the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights website.

The North Carolina Farmworker Institute site provides information on the farm working population in North Carolina. It links photos, videos and other resources to convey worker demographics and their role in North Carolina's agricultural scene.

An explanation of Hispanic women and farmers' ability to make claims with the United States government is available at Farmerclaims.gov. Claims can be made for discriminatory action "in making or servicing farm loans" between 1981 and 2000.

The United Farmworkers of America group was established in 1962 as a workers union. It operates in 10 states around the country, but is headquartered in California. Visit their website for their recent successes, photos and their efforts to influence legislation.

News/Stories

An Associated Press article by Juliana Barbassa talks about "The Take Our Jobs campaign" led by migrant farm working associations, states and even comedians like Stephen Colbert. The campaign focuses on countering the idea that migrant workers are taking 'American jobs'.

Mobile Voices (VozMob) is a news platform based in Los Angeles that serves local immigrant workers, allowing them to disseminate stories about their lives via cell phones. The stories are published online in both English and Spanish.

In 2003, John Bowe published an editorial piece called "A Shameful Harvest" on the condition of migrant farmworkers as being similar to that of slavery. He argues that agriculture is a profitable industry in the United States, and therefore, farmworkers should lead better lifestyles.

The Farmworkers Forum publishes online news and research content for an audience of farmworkers around the country and for anyone "who has a vested interest in the rights and lives of farmworkers - which is everyone who eats!"

Social Alterations' global focus occasionally prompts the site's creators and contributors to write about migrant and farm worker's rights. A post by Nadira Lamrad, called "Where are These Child Laborers Working?", uses facts and video clips to discuss the U.S. youth agricultural force.

Florida Immigrant Farmworkers

This section features sources that deal with the migrant farmworker population in Florida.

The Florida Association of Community Health Centers provides lists of sources that deal with farm working populations by state. The Florida list includes forty-plus sources that range from health issues to educational issues to housing issues.

In 2000, Dr. Alice Larson prepared a Florida Migrant and Seasonal Farmworker Enumeration Profiles Study that defines "seasonal farmworker" and compares immigrants working in food processing to those working in deforestation, greenhouses and fieldwork.

The Department of Health Migrant and Seasonal Farmworker Directory provides a detailed contact list of Florida and national organizations working to support migrant and seasonal workers.

The Coalition of Immokalee Workers formed in 1993. Today, a majority of members work for large-scale agricultural corporations in Immokalee, Florida. The coalition fights for fair wages, respect from employers and workers' rights for its members.

The Florida Association of Community Health Centers released a 2012 report on Migrant Farmworkers in the Southeast. It provides information on crops, farmworker demographics, migration patterns, health needs and work or lifestyle barriers that Southeast immigrant farmers face.

After Hurricane Andrew in 1992, mobile homes housing migrant farmworkers near Homestead, Fla., were destroyed. Today, The Everglades Community Association is working to build a new housing development. Visit their website, for the project's details.

Other Resources on Farmworkers Issues

The National Council of La Raza has worked to create a massive network to support Hispanic Americans. Their aid and support comes in the form of "research, policy analysis and advocacy" in the areas defined in the "Issues and Programs" tab on their website.

Through The National Agricultural Workers Survey, The U.S. Department of Labor is able to understand the "demographic, employment and health characteristics of the U.S. crop labor force." Questionnaires used to gather the information are available online.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics provides a Farmworker Occupational Outlook Handbook that is helpful in outlining the basic tasks, work environments, job outlooks and pay for farmworkers in the United States.

The Human Rights Watch website is an excellent hub for resources and publications. On the publications page, users can narrow a search by choosing an issue by country such as Agriculture in the United States.

The Center for Rural Affairs "Improving the Use of USDA Programs Among Hispanic and Latino Farmers and Ranchers" report uses interviews to analyze the relationship between Hispanic and Latino farmworkers in Nebraska and Missouri and state USDA offices. 

The Farm Service Association website offers an abundance of information on farmworkers in the United States. You can browse through laws and regulations by topic or by audience, view civil rights info and search for the location of the FSA offices by state.

In recognizing the needs of adolescent migrant and seasonal farmworkers, the National Adolescent Farmworker Occupational Health and Safety Advisory Committee presents a plan to improve working conditions by highlighting the special needs of such workers.

The Geneseo Migrant Center provides migrant farmworkers working around the center with dental care, education programs and more. Their website is a great resource for connecting to related sites and searching for migrant resources or books on the topic of migrant farmworkers.

This 1998 report, written by Alicia Bugarin and Elias Lopez, discusses a variety of aspects of Life as a Farmworker in California.

Access this Bureau of Labor Statistics chart that compares "fatal occupational injuries, total hours worked and rates of fatal occupational injuries by selected worker characteristics, occupations" (like farmworker versus retail worker), and industries from 2008 to 2010.

The National Consumers League encourages Americans to "take action to protect migrant farmworker children" by calling Congressional offices and delivering a specific message. You may view the details of this call to action on NCL's Worker's Rights page.